Taekwondo Terminology


Titles

  • Grand Master - Sah Boo Nim
  • Master Instructor - Sah Bum Nim
  • Assistant Master Instructor - Jo Kyo Nim
  • Certified Instructor - Nyo Sha Nim
  • Assistant Instructor - Jo Kyo Nim
  • Senior - Son Bae Nim
  • Junior - Hooh Bae Nim

Names

  • Flag - Gook Gi
  • School - Do Jang
  • Uniform - Do Bok
  • Belt - Thee
  • Courtesy - Ye ui
  • Integrity - Yom chi
  • Perseverance - In nae
  • Self-control - Kuk gi
  • Indominable spirit - Baekjool

Commands

  • Attention - Cha ri yut
  • Bow - Kyoung neh
  • Ready - Joon bee
  • Begin - Shi jak
  • Return - Bah roe
  • Salute the flag - Gook go yedeh hankyoung neh
  • Bow to the grand master - Sah boonim keh kyoung neh
  • Bow to the master - Sah bum nim keh kyoung neh
  • Thank you sir/ma'am - Gahm sah hop ni dah

Stances, Punches, & Blocks

  • Horse back - Jooe choom suh gi
  • Forward - Ahp goo bee
  • Back - Dweit goo bee
  • Walking - Ahp suh gi
  • Kicking - Bahl cha gi ja she
  • One-step sparring - Han bun gyo roo gi
  • Low block - Ah reh mak gi
  • High block - Ui goule mak gi
  • Inner block - Ahn mohm toeng mak gi
  • Outer block - Bak gat mohm toeng mak gi
  • Punching - Ji ru gi
  • Kicking - Bahl cha gi

Counting


  • One - Hana
  • Two - Dul
  • Three - Set
  • Four - Net
  • Five - Dasot
  • Six - Yasot
  • Seven - Elgub
  • Eight - Yodul
  • Nine - Ahop
  • Ten - Yol
  • First - El
  • Second - E
  • Third - Sam
  • Fourth - Sa
  • Fifth - O
  • Sixth - Yuk
  • Seventh - Chil
  • Eighth - Pul
  • Ninth - Koo
  • Tenth - Sib